Maxillofacial surgery involves treatment of the bony and soft tissue structure of the face. This involve the Mandible (Lower Jaw), Maxilla (Upper Jaw), Nose and internal nasal structures, Zygoma (cheek bones), Orbits and Orbital floor (bones about the eyes), Frontal bones Sinuses (forehead). Soft tissue structures involve the Eyelids, Lips, Tongue and facial skin. Maxillofacial surgery is usually considered as “ reconstructive surgery”.
Reconstructive maxillofacial surgery can be performed within days of the primary accident, primary surgery. In some cases, secondary surgery may need to be performed either months or even years after the primary surgery in order to try to improve , change or alter the result which have occurred as a result of healing.